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Posts Tagged ‘standards’

Dieser “Antrag der Fraktion Bündnis 90/Die Grünen, der Fraktion der SPD, der Fraktion der CDU, der Fraktion Die Linke und der Fraktion der FDP Berücksichtigung des Datenschutzes und Verhinderung von marktbeherrschenden Standards bei der Umsetzung des IT-Staatsvertrags” wurde verabschiedet in Berlin.

Die im Staatsvertrag vorgesehene vorrangige Verwendung beste-hender Markstandards darf nicht zu marktbeherrschenden Positio-nen von Anbietern dieser technischen Standards führen.

Der Begriff des Marktstandards im Staatsvertrag war in der Tat etwas unglücklich. Ganz gewiß kein Zufall. Nun besteht aber die Chance zu definieren, was ein Marktstandard ist. Das war so auffällig hineingeschrieben, das es bestimmt noch mehr Debatten wie in Berlin geben wird.

Von der Generaldirektion Unternehmen der EU gibt es ein beeindruckendes Konsultationspapier zum Thema Standardisierung. Es geht um die Zukunft der Europäischen Standardrahmengesetzgebung. Dort definiert man Normen als Marktstandards:

Die Normung hat in Europa die Form einer freiwilligen Zusammenarbeit zwischen
Wirtschaft, Verbrauchern, Behörden, Sozialpartnern und anderen interessierten Kreisen und
steht unter der Zuständigkeit unabhängiger Organisationen.

Ausserdem läuft noch die Konsultation zum Thema Europäische Interoperabilitätsstrategie, die merkwürdig bei Adam und Eva beginnt.

Einige Kollegen von mir werden demnächst einen deutschen Radiosender auszeichnen für seine Standardfreundlichkeit und Offenheit bei Streamingdiensten. Die Torte ist schon geordert und ordnungsgemäß verbucht.

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HTML5
A vocabulary and associated APIs for HTML and XHTML
W3C Working Draft 18 February 2010

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A European Commission consultation wants interested parties (“you”?) to contribute:

This consultation seeks to strengthen and deepen the Commission services’ understanding of the way forward to promote uptake of electronic invoicing within the EU. The objective of this consultation is to collect stakeholders’ reactions on the recommendations proposed by the Expert Group on e-Invoicing in the areas of business requirements, legal framework, interoperability and standards, as well as the proposed approach for implementation and communication.

The EU Commission provides the final expert group report and a consultation document. Unfortunately it is only available in the English working language, not in French, not in German.

Deadline for submissions is end of next month, 26 February 2010.

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Today the European Parliament adopted the report on the EU Commission’s ISA programme, the follow-up programme of IDABC. The trilog process further improved the Committee report which included a few amendments that for instance forced the Commission ISA programme to spent 50% of its budget on the local level. They are gone in the version that was adopted.

P6_TA-PROV(2009)0246
European public administration ISA: interoperability solutions ***I

Committee on Industry, Research and Energy
PE416.682
European Parliament legislative resolution of 22 April 2009 on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on interoperability solutions for European public administrations (ISA) (COM(2008)0583 – C6-0337/2008 – 2008/0185(COD))

The European Parliament,

1. Approves the Commission proposal as amended;
2. Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it intends to amend the proposal substantially or replace it with another text;
3. Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and Commission.

and

P6_TC1-COD(2008)0185
Position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading on 22 April 2009 with a view to the adoption of Decision No …/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on interoperability solutions for European public administrations (ISA)

(16a) Given the task of the local and regional administrations in ensuring the effective functioning and interoperability of the European public administrations, it is important that solutions consider the needs of local and regional administrations.
(17) While ensuring the improvement of existing reusable generic tools established under the IDA and IDABC programmes as well as similar initiatives, the ISA programme should support the establishment, provision and improvement of new reusable generic tools in response to new needs or requirements, inter alia, established through the assessment of ICT implications of Community legislation.
(18) In the establishment, improvement or operation of common solutions the ISA programme should, whenever appropriate, build on or be accompanied by sharing of experience and solutions as well as exchange and promotion of good practices. In this context compliance with the European Interoperability Framework as well as openness in standards and specifications should be promoted.
(19) Solutions established or operated under the ISA programme should be based on the principle of technological neutrality and adaptability with a view to ensuring also that citizens, enterprises and administrations are free to choose the technology to be used.

Article 3
Activities
The ISA programme shall support and promote:
(a) the establishment and improvement of common frameworks in support of interoperability across borders and sectors;
(b) the assessment of ICT implications of proposed or adopted Community legislation as well as the planning of the implementation of ICT systems in support of the implementation of such legislation;
(c) the operation and improvement of existing common services as well as the establishment, industrialisation, operation and improvement of new common services, including the interoperability of public key infrastructures;
(d) the improvement of existing reusable generic tools as well as the establishment, provision and improvement of new reusable generic tools.

Article 4
General principles
Actions launched or continued under the ISA programme shall ▌ be based on the following principles:
(a) the principle of technological neutrality and adaptability;
(aa) the principle of openness;
(ab) the principle of reusability;
(b) the principle of privacy and protection of personal data;
(c) the principle of security.

Article 7
Solutions
1. Common frameworks shall be established and maintained by means of studies.
Studies shall also serve as means for supporting the assessment of ICT implications of proposed or adopted Community legislation as well as the planning of the implementation of solutions in support of the implementation of such legislation.
1a. Studies shall be published and forwarded to European Parliament committees responsible as a basis for future legislative modifications to ensure the interoperability of the computer systems used by public administrations.
2. Generic tools shall be established and maintained by means of projects. Projects shall likewise be a means of establishing, industrialising, operating and maintaining common services.

Article 8
Implementation rules
1. In the implementation of the ISA programme due consideration shall be given to the European Interoperability Strategy and the European Interoperability Framework.
2. Involvement of the largest possible number of Member States in a study or project shall be encouraged. A study or project shall be open for accession at any stage, and Member States not involved in a study or project shall be encouraged to join at a later stage.
2a. In order to ensure interoperability between national and community systems, common frameworks, common services and generic tools shall be specified with reference to existing European standards or publicly available or open specifications for information exchange and service integration.
3. The establishment or improvement of solutions shall, whenever appropriate, build on or be accompanied by sharing of experience as well as by exchange and promotion of good practices.
4. To avoid duplication and to speed up the establishment of solutions, results achieved by other relevant Community and Member States initiatives shall be taken into account, whenever appropriate.
To maximise synergies and ensure complementary and combined efforts, actions shall, whenever appropriate, be coordinated with other relevant Community initiatives.
5. The initiation of actions, the definition of its phases and the establishment of project charters and execution reports shall be carried out and monitored by the Commission as part of the implementation of the rolling work programme established in accordance with Article 9.

Article 13a
Interaction with stakeholders
The Commission shall bring together relevant stakeholders for the purposes of exchanging views among themselves and with the Commission on issues addressed by the ISA programme. To this end the Commission shall organise conferences, workshops and other meetings; it shall make use of electronic interactive platforms; and it may use any other means for interaction which it considers appropriate.
Article 14
International cooperation
1. The ISA programme shall be opened, within the framework of their respective agreements with the Community, to participation by the countries of the European Economic Area and the candidate countries.
2. Cooperation with other third countries and international organisations or bodies shall be encouraged, notably within the framework of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership and Eastern Partnership and with neighbouring countries, in particular the Western Balkan countries and the countries of the Black Sea region. Related costs shall not be covered by the ISA programme.
2a. The ISA programme shall promote, wherever appropriate re-use of its solutions by third countries.

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ISO/IEC 29500 Open XML was transformed in an ANSI standard. Apparently the support of IBM gave a surprise to other industry representatives. Rob Weir explains in Gray Knowlton’s blog that this was no vote but a formality.

Although we (and many others) continue to have serious concerns about the suitability of OOXML as a standard, and have noted our strong objections to the flawed and distorted process by which OOXML was forced through JTC1, US committee rules require that we approve as a National Standard any standard which is approved by ISO or IEC in committees in which the US participates in as a P member. As the committee rules clearly state, this should be read as support of of JTC1’s program of work, not an endorsement of any the merits of specific standard or technology.

But Gray finds abstention looks more appropriate.

Jesper Lund Stocholm was so excited that he revealed:

The support for OOXML in other applications than Microsoft Office 2007 is ridiculously low. Thank you, IBM – you really made my day.

The OOXML standardisation process remains an amusement.

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Washington KEI kindly put an intervention online; it comes from the US delegation at the WIPO SCP session. An organisation I am affiliated with, the FFII, is represented by Dr Bakels at the meeting under its WIPO observer status. As of myself I thought that meeting would be unamusing, but instead I stumble upon the United States denial statement as a rather odd indication of the deep disruption and lost confidence in ISO among some WIPO members:

The United States remains a strong supporter of our policies that allow U.S. standards developers to participate in international standards development activities without jeopardizing their patents, copyrights and trademarks.

Today, more than 16,455 standards are approved as International Standards (with about 1800 more in the pipeline) and 11,500 of these as American National Standards. Thousands more are adopted by industry associations, consortia, and other Standard Setting Organizations on a global basis.

Yet the number of disputes that result in litigation per year is typically in single digits, and the vast majority of these cases involve specific fact patterns. In other words, there is NOT a crisis, as claimed by some, in standard setting.

Good to know that there is no crisis and sure the world economy is undergoing worse disruptions than standardization governance issues. Let me also quickly mention the US endorsement of a re-definition of open standards that may not be met with excitement in the technologists community:

“Open standards systems offer a balance of private and public interests that can protect IP with fairness, disclosure policies, and reasonable and non-discriminatory licensing.

I would suggest it became irrelevant. What does concern me is that the US diplomat endorsed the statement of the German delegation. I hope their comment was no embarassement.

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OASIS ODF TC: IBM’s Rob Weir explains Unanimous Consent .

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